Every life stage comes with different nutritional needs to support bone health — from babies in the womb to the elderly, there are specific nutritional requirements that need to be met — nutritional needs for bone health change as you age.
A recent scientific review has been published in the journal Osteoporosis International as part of a collaboration between leading bone and nutrition experts. The study authors voice concerns over widespread vitamin D deficiency, particularly in infants and children but also throughout the population as a whole.
The study authors note that milk consumption has decreased significantly and believe that this is behind the widespread calcium deficiencies. However, large amounts of dairy particularly in the form of cheese are not particularly good for bone health. Remember that milk is not the only source of calcium, you can get calcium from the following: white beans, tinned salmon with bones, dried figs, blackstrap molasses, almonds, oranges, tahini, seaweed and tofu.
The Importance of the Right Form of Calcium
The food that you eat and the supplements you take are only going to be beneficial if you can absorb their nutrients efficiently. Good levels of stomach acid are needed in order to absorb calcium, and one of the side effects mentioned under calcium carbonate supplements in drug reference books is gastro-intestinal disturbances. This is because they are notoriously difficult to absorb. Calcium, when bound to citric acid, forms bioavailable citrates which are easily assimilated and require little acidification prior to absorption. So calcium citrate supplements are a better choice than calcium carbonate and especially if you have low stomach acid.
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